Sports injury are common among those enthusiastic about athletics and other sports and fitness freaks who take passion in rigorous exercises. The spirit by itself turns harmful when they involve excessively and overtrain themselves or perform them improperly or without adequate supervision.
What follows is a brief discussion of causes and types of injuries and sports injuries treatment in Anna Nagar for the same.
Failing to warm up is a main reason for such problems which initiates possibilities of bruises, strains, sprains, tears and fractures. Such a situation poses as a hurdle for athlete to continue with the training or pursue the sports.
Sports injuries comprise of pulled muscle, torn ACL, torn MCL, shin splints, stress fracture, plantar fasciitis, sprained ankle, tennis elbow, low back pain, hip bursitis, Achilles tendonitis and runner’s knee.
Overstretched or torn muscle is termed as pulled muscle and it occurs due to overuse or fatigue. It also damages the tendon associated with the muscle when subjected to pressure. It is common in sports like running, jumping and lifting.
Cold packs, heat and therapies like ultrasound, electric stimulation and TENS are employed to treat pulled muscle.
Torn ACL or injuries in anterior cruciate ligament in the knee is a tear or sprain which is frequent in sports like soccer, football and basketball. Exercises like quad sets, straight leg raises and heel slides are used to treat this disorder. Once the symptoms subside, bearing weight, side lying leg lifts, glue sets, bridges, mini sqats, heel raises and prone hamstrings are added to the routine. Heat and cold therapy and electric stimulation modalities are used to treat torn ACL which restores strength of quadriceps muscles.
Sprain or tear occurring in medial collateral ligament is torn MCL and its injury is classified as three grades. MCL is a band of tissue inside the knee connecting thigh bone with bone of lower leg. It is common in about 20 sports which require stops and turns like skiing, basket ball and football of which football players are most susceptible to the disorder. Cryotherapy, hydrotherapy, ultrasound and dry heat are administered to treat the disorder.
Stress on the connective issues in muscles, tendon and bone tissues that surround shin bone located between knee and ankle, is known as shin splints. Shin splints occur to both athletes and non athletes and though common in running, it also occurs while practicing soccer, basketball and lacrosse. Physical therapists use gentle stretching, soft tissue massage or Astym to treat shin splints besides using modalities like pulsed ultrasound which increases circulation and decreases inflammation.
Stress fracture is a fracture in the bone which occurs due to repeated mechanical stress like jumping up and down. It is common in sports like athletics, basketball, gymnastics and track and field which involve too rapid movement. Though rest is the primary treatment, TENS and ESTIM or electrical muscle stimulation are most sought modalities to treat stress fracture.
Plantar Fascitis is heel pain or degenerative condition of tissue at the bottom of the foot. which occurs due to carrying excessive weight or excessive running and jumping injury from landing or wearing inadequate footwear. It is common in athletics, football and basketball players. Sports injuries treatment in Anna Nagar, Chennai, includes Manual therapy, stretching, night splint, shockwave therapy, orthotics are used to treat this disorder.
Sprained ankle is an injury that occurs when one rolls or twists ankle awkwardly and result in overstretching of the ligaments beyond their limits. The disorder which frequently occurs in football and basketball and sports injury treatment methods are immobilization or through modalities like electric stimulation, and ultrasound therapies.
Tennis elbow is the inflammation of the tendons of the elbow which happens as a result of overuse of forearm muscle use and repeated twisting of the wrist and bending elbow in racquet sports like tennis, badminton and squash and in sports like javelin throw and discus throw. Treatment for sport injury comprises stretching and strengthening exercises and through modalities like ultrasound and bipolar interferential current.
Muscle sprain that occurs due to heavy lifting and vigorous exercise is known as low back pain which may be mechanical pain or radicular pain. It happens in sports like athletics, gymnastics, diving, weight lifting, golf, football and rowing. Heat and cold therapy and modalities like ultrasound, TENS and electric muscle stimulation are treatment for sport injury which addresses such low back pain.
Inflammation of bursa which cushions the bones, tendons and muscle near the joints near the hip is known as hip bursitis and is common in sports like football and ice hockey and while pitcher throws baseball. While ultrasound successfully visualizes fluid content, modalities like electric stimulation and cold therapies treat the disorder.
The overuse of Achilles tendon or band of tissue that connects calf muscles at back of lower leg to the heel bone causes Achilles Tendonitis. It occurs in sports that focus strain on the heel like running, jumping, tennis, basketball, figure skating and skiing for instances. Ultrasound, deep transverse friction massage and hyperthermia are sports injury treatment methods that treat this condition.
Runner’s knee is a condition where the cartilage under the knee cap deteriorates due to overuse, fall or blow. It is frequent in sports like walking skiing, jumping, cycling and soccer and sport knee injury treatment includes modalities like ultrasound and by rest and other physical therapies.
Anna Nagar in Chennai, South India, brims with medical facilities of which spine care is one. Dr Karuna Spine Center, lead by Dr Karunakaran, best spine specialist in India, offers spine care in many perspectives of which sports injuries treatment in Anna Nagar is one.
Dr Karunakaran, backed by more than 2 decades of experience, has numerous accolades to his credit and is specialised in minimally invasive surgical interventions apart from providing numerous non invasive procedures for orthopaedic patients. High end therapy modalities coupled with expert teams assure restoring quality of life to patients.